Native Plant List

Anise Hyssop

Anise Hyssop

Agastache foeniculum
Sun:
Soil:
Height:
Bloom:

Prefers full sun but can take some shade

Average

3 - 5'

August-September

Attracts bees, butterflies and hummingbirds. Scented foliage and purple flower can be used for culinary seasoning.

Liatris

Blazing Star

Liatris spictata
Sun:
Soil:
Height:
Bloom:

Full Sun

Medium to moist

2 - 4'

July-August

Good cottage garden plant. Pair with New England Aster, Joe Pye Weed, Goldenrod, Mountain Mint, Sneezeweed, Coneflower.

Blue Vervain

Blue Vervain

Verbena hastata
Sun:
Soil:
Height:
Bloom:

Full Sun

Medium – wet

2 - 6'

June-July

Attracts birds, bees and butterflies. Seed heads are a good food source for birds

Boneset

Boneset

Eupatorium perfoliatum
Sun:
Soil:
Height:
Bloom:

Full Sun (6+ hours per day) to part shade

Moist to Wet

3 - 4'

July-September

Closely related to Joe Pye Weed and a pollinator favorite. Once believed to facilitate the healing and setting of bones!

Butterfly Weed

Butterfly Weed

Asclepias tuberosa
Sun:
Soil:
Height:
Bloom:

Adaptable to range of sun conditions

Adaptable

1 - 3'

June-August

Host plant of the Monarch butterfly and a magnet for other butterflies and bees. Self-seeds if pods not removed.

Fall Sneeze Weed

Fall Sneeze Weed

Helenium autumnale
Sun:
Soil:
Height:
Bloom:

Full Sun (6+ hours per day)

Moist - wet

3 - 5'

August-September

Does NOT make you sneeze unless you crush the dried leaves to make snuff! This flower is said to have sprung up from the ground where Helen of Troy’s tears fell..….

Foxglove Beardtongue

Foxglove Beardtongue

Penstemon digitalis
Sun:
Soil:
Height:
Bloom:

Full Sun to Part Shade

Damp to dry

3 - 5'

June-July

A springtime pollinator powerhouse attracting bumblebees, hummingbirds and butterflies. A larval host for several butterflies. Deer resistant. Pair with Asters, Lobelias, Golden Alexanders, Monardas.

Golden Alexander

Golden Alexander

Zizia aurea
Sun:
Soil:
Height:
Bloom:

Full to Part Sun (6+ hours)

Moist - medium dry

2 - 3'

May-June

Supports 70 bee species and 130 insect species. Easy going plant that is a biodiversity powerhouse! Host for Black Swallowtail butterflies. Nice fall foliage!

Great Blue Lobelia

Great Blue Lobelia

Lobelia siphilitica
Sun:
Soil:
Height:
Bloom:

Full sun to shade

Medium – wet.

1 - 4'

July-October

Supports birds (especially hummingbirds) and has special value for bumblebees. Deer resistant.

Joe Pye Weed

Joe Pye Weed

Eupatorium purpureum
Sun:
Soil:
Height:
Bloom:

Full Sun

Moist - wet

5 - 7'

July-September

Legend has it that a Native American medicine man named Joe Pye, traveled 18th century New England successfully treating typhoid fever with this medicinal plant.

Little Joe Pye

Little Joe Pye

Eupatorium dubium
Sun:
Soil:
Height:
Bloom:

Full sun to part shade

Medium - wet

3 - 4'

July-September

Also known as “coastal Joe Pye Weed”. Loved by butterflies

Meadow Anemone

Meadow Anemone

Anemone canadensis
Sun:
Soil:
Height:
Bloom:

Part to full shade

Average to moist

18"

Spring

A robust plant good for woods edge or in meadows.

New England Aster

New England Aster

Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
Sun:
Soil:
Height:
Bloom:

Full Sun (6+ hours per day)

Moist - Wet

4 - 6'

August-September

Because it blooms late, the NE Aster is a critical fall nectar source for pollinators, especially Monarchs as they stock up for their fall migration to Mexico.

New York Ironweed

New York Ironweed

Vernonia noveboracensis
Sun:
Soil:
Height:
Bloom:

Full Sun

Moist - wet

5 - 8'

August - September

Attracts birds and butterflies. Seed heads are a good winter food source for birds.

Nodding Onion

Nodding Onion

Allium cernuum
Sun:
Soil:
Height:
Bloom:

Full sun to part shade

Medium - dry

1 - 1.5'

June-August

Attracts butterflies, native bees and honey bees. Insects that nectar here must be able to hang upside down. No longer used for cooking.

Liatris

Northern Blazing Star

Liatris novae-angliae
Sun:
Soil:
Height:
Bloom:

Full Sun

Dry to Medium

2 - 4'

August to October

A great super pollinator for dry even sandy soils. Showy purple flowers bloom August-October and may be used as cut flowers. Plants grow 2-4 feet tall. Tolerant of drought and shallow rocky soils.

Pink Tickseed

Pink Tickseed

Coreopsis rosea
Sun:
Soil:
Height:
Bloom:

Full sun to part sun

Moist - wet

1' - 2'

July - September

Seeds attract birds. Plants can be easily divided.

Aster

Purple Stem Aster

Symphyotrichum puniceum
Sun:
Soil:
Height:
Bloom:

Full Sun

Medium - wet

3 - 6'

August-September

Attracts birds, butterflies and bees. Pairs beautifully with Goldenrod and other wet meadow plants

Red Lobelia

Red Lobelia

Lobelia cardinalis
Sun:
Soil:
Height:
Bloom:

Full Sun to part shade

Medium - wet

2 - 5'

July-September

Supports birds (especially hummingbirds), moths and butterflies.

Showy Goldenrod

Showy Goldenrod

Solidago speciosa
Sun:
Soil:
Height:
Bloom:

Full Sun

Dry - Medium

2 - 4'

August-October

Pairs well with late blooming purple flowers like Asters, Liatris, Agastache or Coneflower. Can be cut down for additional flowering.

Swamp milkweed

Swamp Milkweed

Asclepias incarnata
Sun:
Soil:
Height:
Bloom:

Full sun to part sun (6+ hours of direct sun per day)

Moist to wet

3 - 6'

June - August

Host plant of the Monarch butterfly and a magnet for other butterflies and bees.

Sweet Goldenrod

Sweet Goldenrod

Solidago odora
Sun:
Soil:
Height:
Bloom:

Adaptable to range of sun conditions

Adaptable to any soil

2- 5'

August-October

Loved by native bees, important source of energy in the fall for them and a super attractor of the predatory insects that prey upon pest insects.

Mountain Mint

Virginia Mountain Mint

Pycnanthemum virginianum
Sun:
Soil:
Height:
Bloom:

Full sun to part shade (4 - 6 hours of direct sun per day)

Moist - wet

2 - 3'

July-August

Songbirds, which rely on insects, love this plant! Birds use dormant stems for nesting material.

Monarda

Wild Bergamot

Monarda fistulosa
Sun:
Soil:
Height:
Bloom:

Full Sun (6+ hours per day)

Moist - dry

2 - 4'

July-September

Once used as a medicinal plant, wild bergamot has minty leaves you can chew on or use for tea (bergamot is used to make Earl Grey tea).

Wild Senna

Wild Senna

Senna hebecarpa
Sun:
Soil:
Height:
Bloom:

Full sun to part shade

Medium - medium wet

4' - 5'

July - August

Important host plant for many species of Sulphur butterflies.