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Call to Action: Help us celebrate and support the Ecotype Project!

Updated: Jan 11, 2022

A new source for seeds and plants native to the Ecoregion 59, the Northeastern Coastal Zone, produced on local farms from seed wild-collected by botanists across the ecoregion.

  • Order seeds for your garden or for larger restoration projects from

  • Please ask your local nursery to stock Ecotype Project plants now available from Planter’s Choice wholesale supplier.

Pollinator enthusiasts, regenerative gardeners, and conservationists can now find a source of locally grown, native, wildflower seeds: a much-awaited contribution to our northeastern ecosystem. It is a good season for it: early winter holidays are the perfect time for sowing native wildflowers.

Eco59: a farmer-led seed collective has launched its first season of sales. Catalyzed by the work of the Pollinator Pathways and CT NOFA’s Ecotype Project, a group of farmers have been working together, learning to grow a new crop: seeds of regionally appropriate wildflowers, called ecotypes, for pollinator habitat restoration. The new seed company seeks to build a “triple bottom line”: seed that is good for the pollinators and the planet, profitable for farmers, and adds to the beauty of our landscape. Profit from the sales of Eco59 goes to fund conservation work across our ecoregion.

Dina Brewster, farmer at The Hickories and a member of the Eco59 seed collective notes, “An important part of the Eco59 mission is to heal a broken landscape. The systematic displacement of people, the destruction of the environment, and the consequent loss of abundance around us is a direct result of not honoring the relationship that indigenous people of this area had with land. I view our work, growing ecotypic seed to restore native plants in the northeast, as a reminder of all that has been lost and all that we must work to restore.”

After three years of tending their crops of perennial wildflowers, Eco59 farmers have now harvested, cleaned, tested, and packaged their seeds for sale to “re-wild” the landscape of ecoregion 59, a broad swath of the New England corridor championed by the Pollinator Pathway, the Massachusetts Pollinator Network and other like-minded groups. Rewilding is a term used extensively by Heather McCargo at Maine’s Wild Seed Project, another organization whose goal is to inspire people to take action in increasing the presence of native plants grown from wild seed. McCargo’s work, in addition to the writing of Doug Tallamy and John Marzluff, motivates the farmers in this collective. “Having a pesticide free corridor of native plants that provide nutrition and habitat for pollinators helps them to disperse into new areas and will improve the overall health of the farm and local ecosystem,”says Patrick Horan of Waldingfield Farm in Washington, Connecticut.

Planters Choice, a Connecticut based major grower has joined the action. They have partnered with CT NOFA to procure the seeds from the Eco59 Collective and can provide standard eco-region plugs in bulk to local nurseries.

More recently, Urbanscapes Native Plant Nursery, in Newhallville, New Haven CT, announced that they will be installing the first of three founder plots with White Wood Aster (Eurybia divaricata) using seeds from the Ecotype project. To revitalize this section of New Haven, the nursery educates local youth in native plant propagation and their founder plot will provide a great resource for producing and sharing ecotypic seed with their neighborhood supporters and the work they lead with the Pollinator Pathway of New Haven.

Your Role: Please help grow the demand so that more growers like Planters Choice invest in ecotypic seeds. Shop at urban and suburban ecotype plant sales, and most importantly, spread the word and ask your local nursery to stock ecotype plants. The nurseries can contact Planter’s Choice or they can educate their growers on how to order ecotype seeds. This will help propel eco59, native wild flowers, to commercial viability.

You can shop for seed, gifts, and read about the participating farmers on the Eco59 website. Each seed packet details where the original ecotype was collected (city and state) and which farm and farmer grew it. “Know your farmer; know your seed; know your land. We promote transparency in seed packaging and in growing practices: something we encourage gardeners and conservationists to be asking about more often through our educational outreach,” says Sefra Alexandra, CT NOFA’s Ecotype Project leader.

Early winter is the perfect time to winter sow native seed - instructions for growing are inside each order as well as on the Eco59 website. In addition to the seed packets, the farmers are producing “seed bombs,” a dozen quail-egg sized balls made of clay and soil infused with a pinch of wildflower seed, for sowing “here, there, and everywhere.” Customers interested in larger quantities of seed for larger scale restoration projects should contact the seed company directly through the website:

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New research looks at an important intersection between evolutionary biology and conservation management. Ecotypes are variants within a species, which have unique adaptations to their specific environment – such as coastal wolves, which are adapted to marine diets. However, peer feedback has some drawbacks. For example, many students feel nervous about sharing their work with peers and get paid for doing homework to professionals. Also, peer review takes time. And students often feel unqualified to give accurate comments about their peers' work. However, defining an ecotype is difficult – whether genetic and physical differences are adaptive or not, and whether these differences clarify or obscure differentiation within a species is unclear and inconsistently applied.

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